Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Estimating the obstetric costs of female genital mutilation in six African countries

Taghreed Adam, Heli Bathija, David Bishai, Yung-Ting Bonnenfant, Manal Darwish, Dale Huntington, Elise Johansen & for the FGM Cost Study Group of the World Health Organization

Volume 88, Number 4, April 2010, 281-288

Table 4. Future years of life lost as a result of incident female genital mutilation cases for the 15-year-old population in six African countries

Country FGM type No. of women aged 15 yearsa FGM prevalence in women aged < 20 years No. of women aged 15 years, by FGM type Future YLL per incident caseb Future YLL for current female population aged 15 years
Burkina Faso 0 148 400 0.227 33 746 Reference Reference
1 0.256 37 946 0.01 379
2 0.391 57 965 0.09 5 217
3 0.126 18 728 0.31 5 806
All 11 402
Ghana 0 245 600 0.686 168 555 Reference Reference
1 0.074 18 199 0.01 182
2 0.222 54 572 0.06 3 274
3 0.017 4 273 0.19 812
All 4 268
Kenya 0 418 400 0.431 180 498 Reference Reference
1 0.156 65 061 0.01 651
2 0.273 114 265 0.06 6 856
3 0.140 58 618 0.21 12 310
All 19 816
Nigeria 0 1 448 400 0.138 199 590 Reference Reference
1 0.764 1 107 157 0.02 22 143
2 0.096 138 467 0.09 12 462
3 0.002 3 186 0.27 860
All 35 466
Senegal 0 135 000 0.104 14 081 Reference Reference
1 0.254 34 290 0.01 343
2 0.623 84 146 0.08 6 732
3 0.018 2 484 0.26 646
All 7 720
Sudan 0 374 400 0.323 120 856 Reference Reference
1 0.066 24 710 0.01 247
2 0.047 17 709 0.07 1 240
3 0.564 211 087 0.23 48 550
All 50 037
Total 2 770 200 128 709

FGM, female genital mutilation; YLL, years of life lost.
a From United Nations life table for 2005.
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b Heterogeneity between countries in future years of life lost per incident case of FGM is due to differences between countries in the age-specific fertility rate and life expectancy.

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