Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Structured approaches for the screening and diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis in a high prevalence region of South Africa

Mark Hatherill, Monique Hanslo, Tony Hawkridge, Francesca Little, Lesley Workman, Hassan Mahomed, Michele Tameris, Sizulu Moyo, Hennie Geldenhuys, Willem Hanekom, Lawrence Geiter & Gregory Hussey

Volume 88, Number 4, April 2010, 312-320

Table 2. Nine structured approaches for diagnosing childhood tuberculosis

Approach Year Origin Source data Classification Purpose Lineage
WHO–Harries10 1996 International Clinical Numerical Diagnosis Based on Keith Edwards criteria18 (Papua New Guinea)
Fourie9 1998 International Clinical Numerical Screening High tuberculosis prevalence areas9
Osborne14 1995 Zambia ClinicalRadiologicalBacteriological Hierarchical Screening Adapted from Cundall23 (Kenya) and WHO21
Migliori12 1992 Uganda ClinicalRadiologicalBacteriological Binary Diagnosis Derived from Ghidey and Habte19 (Ethiopia)
Stegen–Toledo13 2003 Peru ClinicalRadiologicalBacteriological Numerical Diagnosis Adapted from Stegen–Jones20 (Chile)
MASA15 1996 South Africa ClinicalRadiological Binary Diagnosis Clinical practice guideline, MASA
Stoltz–Donald16 1990 South Africa ClinicalRadiologicalBacteriological Hierarchical Screening Adapted from Cundall23 (Kenya) and WHO21
Kibel11 1999 South Africa ClinicalRadiologicalBacteriological Numerical Diagnosis Clinical practice guideline, UCT
SATVI vaccine trial algorithm8 2006 South Africa ClinicalRadiologicalBacteriological Hierarchical Diagnosis Adapted from Cundall23 (Kenya) and WHO21

MASA, Medical Association of South Africa; SATVI, South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative; UCT, University of Cape Town; WHO, World Health Organization.

[an error occurred while processing this directive]