Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Online first

These articles have been peer-reviewed, accepted and edited. They have not yet been formatted and finalized with corrections from authors and proofreaders so the text could change before final publication. When the articles are assigned to a print issue they will be removed from this page, assigned a digital object identifier (doi), indexed by PubMed and deposited with PubMed Central.

Available online 22 August 2014:


  • ID: BLT.13.129114
    pdf, 465kb

    Effect of the economic recession on pharmaceutical policy and medicine sales in eight European countries
    - Christine Leopold, Aukje K Mantel-Teeuwisse, Sabine Vogler, Silvia Valkova, Kees de Joncheere, Hubert GM Leufkens, Anita K Wagner, Dennis Ross-Degnan & Richard Laing
  • ID: BLT.13.129247
    pdf, 212kb

    Adverse childhood experiences and associations with health-harming behaviours in young adults: surveys in the European Region
    - Mark A Bellis, Karen Hughes, Nicola Leckenby, Lisa Jones, Adriana Baban, Margarita Kachaeva, Robertas Povilaitis, Iveta Pudule, Gentiana Qirjako, Betül Ulukol, Marija Raleva & Natasa Terzic
  • ID: BLT.13.130708
    pdf, 132kb

    Developing an alcohol policy assessment toolkit; application in the western Pacific
    - Natacha Carragher, Joshua Byrnes, Christopher M Doran & Anthony Shakeshaft
  • ID: BLT.13.130666
    pdf, 233kb

    Hand, foot and mouth disease in China: evaluating an automated system for the detection of outbreaks
    - Zhongjie Li, Shengjie Lai, Honglong Zhang, Liping Wang, Dinglun Zhou, Jizeng Liu, Yajia Lan, Jiaqi Ma, Hongjie Yu, David L Buckeridge, Chakrarat Pittayawonganan, Archie CA Clements, Wenbiao Hu & Weizhong Yang
  • ID: BLT.13.134809
    pdf, 141kb

    Childhood diarrhoeal deaths in seven low- and middle-income countries
    - Ahmed Ehsanur Rahman, Md Moinuddin, Mitike Molla, Alemayehu Worku, Lisa Hurt, Betty Kirkwood, Sanjana Brahmawar Mohan, Sarmila Mazumder, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Farrukh Raza, Sigilbert Mrema, Honorati Masanja, Daniel Kadobera, Peter Waiswa, Rajiv Bahl, Mike Zangenberg & Lulu Muhe for the Persistent Diarrhoea Research Group
  • ID: BLT.13.134239
    pdf, 486kb

    Trends in all-cause mortality during the scale-up of an antiretroviral therapy programme: a cross-sectional study in Lusaka, Zambia
    - Sujit D Rathod, Benjamin H Chi, Thankian Kusanthan, Batista Chilopa, Jens Levy, Izukanji Sikazwe, Peter Mwaba & Jeffrey SA Stringer
  • ID: BLT.13.129254
    pdf, 340kb

    Health and happiness: cross-sectional household surveys in Finland, Poland and Spain
    - Marta Miret, Francisco Félix Caballero, Somnath Chatterji, Beatriz Olaya, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Seppo Koskinen, Matilde Leonardi, Josep Maria Haro & José Luis Ayuso-Mateos
  • ID: BLT.13.135145
    pdf, 398kb

    Review of surveillance and insurance data towards measles elimination in Germany
    - Anja Takla, Ole Wichmann, Thorsten Rieck & Dorothe Matysiak-Klose
  • ID: BLT.13.126615
    pdf, 142kb

    Incidence of and illnesses associated with catastrophic household expenditure on health in Nepal: a cross-sectional survey
    - Eiko Saito, Stuart Gilmour, Md Mizanur Rahman, Ghan Shyam Gautam, Pradeep Krishna Shreshta & Kenji Shibuya


  • ID: BLT.14.135541
    pdf, 184kb

    Proposed declassification of disease categories related to sexual orientation in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11)
    - Susan D Cochran, Jack Drescher, Eszter Kismödi, Alain Giami, Claudia García-Moreno, Elham Atallaf Adele Marais, Elisabeth Meloni Vieira and Geoffrey M Reed
  • ID: BLT.13.129775
    pdf, 514kb

    Improving the estimation of the tuberculosis burden in India
    - Krycia Cowling, Rakhi Dandona & Lalit Dandona
  • ID: BLT.14.137653
    pdf, 509kb

    The global diffusion of organ transplantation: trends, drivers and policy implications
    - Sarah L White, Richard Hirth, Beatriz Mahíllo, Beatriz Domínguez-Gil, Francis L Delmonico, Luc Noel, Jeremy Chapman, Rafael Matesanz, Mar Carmona, Marina Alvarez, Jose R Núñez & Alan Leichtman


  • ID: BLT.14.140756
    pdf, 438kb

    Sampling at community level by using satellite imagery and geographical analysis
    - Veronica Escamilla, Michael Emch, Leonard Dandalo, William C Miller, Francis Martinson & Irving Hoffman
  • ID: BLT.13.129478
    pdf, 1.75Mb

    Mobile clinics for antiretroviral therapy in rural Mozambique
    - Troy D Moon, Tito Jequicene, Meridith Blevins, Eurico José, Julie R Lankford, C William Wester, Martina C Fuchs & Sten H Vermund
  • ID: BLT.13.119081
    pdf, 237kb

    Challenges encountered using standard vector control measures for dengue in Boa Vista, Brazil
    - Rafael Maciel-de-Freitas & Denise Valle
  • ID: BLT.13.133512
    pdf, 71kb

    Establishing an early warning alert and response network following the 2013 Solomon Islands tsunami
    - Augustine Bilve, Francisco Nogareda, Cynthia Joshua, Lester Ross, Christopher Betcha, Kara Durski, Juliet Fleischl & Eric Nilles


  • ID: BLT.14.138875
    pdf, 49kb

    The Global Vaccine Safety Initiative – enhancing vaccine pharmacovigilance capacity at country level
    - Christine G Maure, Alexander N Dodoo, Jan Bonhoeffer & Patrick LF Zuber