Mozambique

Key areas of work

Child and adolescent health/nutrition

Mozambique made considerable progress in terms of reducing the child mortality rate. Nevertheless, these mortality rates still remain high, and it is important to highlight that these gains have not been identical across the country.

Communicable diseases

Communicable diseases still represent the major public health problems leading to high morbidity and mortality rates among the population, particularly among children under 5 years old.

Community involvement

In Mozambique, there is a renewed interest in strengthening community involvement and community-based services. The Ministry of Health considers that community involvement must be strengthened as a priority objective of the national plan for health.

Emergencies

Mozambique is vulnerable to natural disasters, such as floods, drought and cyclones. This vulnerability is further compounded by fragile structures with weakened institutional capacity, and the HIV pandemic impact, collectively termed the "Triple Threat."

Essential medicines

In Mozambique, it is estimated that only 40-50% of the population have regular access to public health services and more than 75% of the population uses traditional medicines primarily to treat health related problems.

Health promotion

WHO and its partners are supporting a number of initiatives in the area of health promotion in Mozambique - Roll Back Malaria, Making Pregnancy Safer, Health Promoting School Initiatives, Road Safety.

Health systems

Mozambique has a publicly funded health system which provides health care for the majority of the population. The health system is under pressure to adapt and respond to old and new challenges but remains under-resourced.

HIV/AIDS

By October 2007, there were more than 82,587 beneficiaries of anti-retroviral treatment in Mozambique. These beneficiaries are enrolled in 209 centres throughout the country.

Human rights

WHO/Mozambique is working towards the dissemination of information on health and human rights as well as important related subjects, such as the effects of discrimination on the response to HIV and the rights of people with disabilities.

Immunization

Despite progress registered, the overall immunization coverage in Mozambique is still low and is not equally spread throughout the country. For instance, children in Zambézia province are the most disadvantaged, with an immunization coverage rate of only 45%.

Malaria

A young child sick with malaria

According to analysis carried out in 2000, malaria is the major cause of health problems in Mozambique, being responsible for 40% of all outpatients. Up to 60% of paediatric inpatients are suffering from severe malaria.

Noncommunicable diseases, injuries and mental health

National authorities have defined new policies on mental health, injuries and violence, as well as new strategies for chronic NCDs, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cervix, breast and prostate cancers.

Pregnancy

The maternal mortality ratio decreased from 1,600 per 100,000 live births in 1990, to 408 in 2003. More recent estimates reveal a rate of 520 per 100,000 live births in 2005. However, this is still high, even when compared to other countries in East Africa.

Tuberculosis

The incidence of tuberculosis in Mozambique has been increasing over the past 10 years. With an incidence rate of 460/100,000 population (all forms), Mozambique ranks among the countries with the highest TB burdens.

Contact information

WHO Mozambique
CP 377
Maputo, Mozambique

E-mail

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